The crime of robbery is described under chapter 19 of Arizona Revised Statutes’ criminal code. Under these laws, there are three categories of this offense: robbery, aggravated robbery and armed robbery. Aggravated robbery and armed robbery are based on the requirements of robbery, but have added elements.
Robbery is defined as the use of actual or threatened force to take the property of someone else, against that person’s will. This must be done with the intent of coercing that person to surrender the property, or to prevent him or her from resisting the robber’s efforts to take or retain it.
A person who commits robbery with at least one accomplice present may be convicted of aggravated robbery.
Armed robbery is defined as a robbery which includes one of the following:
- Possesses a deadly weapon
- Possesses a simulated deadly weapon
- Uses a deadly weapon, dangerous instrument, or simulated deadly weapon
- Threatens the use of a deadly weapon, dangerous instrument or simulated deadly weapon
Robbery is a class 4 felony, aggravated robbery is a class 3 felony and armed robbery is a class 2 felony.
Sentencing for criminal offenses is governed by Chapter 7 of the state’s criminal code. According to this, the first time a person is convicted of a class 4 felony, that person’s sentence will be between 1 and 3.75 years. For a class 3 felony, it will be between 2 and 8.75 years. For a class 2 felony, it will be between 3 and 12.5 years. Sentencing for repeat offenders, however, can be much higher, depending on the circumstances.